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Whole-system approach key to accelerate EV adoptio

21/08/2019 | Author: Autoguide | 0 Comments Back To Home   < Previous News   |   Next news >

Anil Srivastava - NITI Aayog

As a key signatory of Paris Climate Agreement 2016, India is committed to reduce emission level by 25 per cent by 2030. Further, according to a World Health Organisation report, 15 of the world’s 20 most polluted cities are in India, indicating industrial and vehicular exhaust are choking large parts of the country. Transition to electric mobility system in India can save 1 giga-tonne of carbon-dioxide emissions by 2030. Electric vehicles cut reliance on oil for a cleaner environment. 
 
Technological advances and disruptions in the transport sector are progressing at an astonishing pace. There is a need to embrace technological agnostic solutions that have an overall positive impact on citizens, society and the nation. India can leapfrog the western mobility paradigm of private-vehicle ownership and create a shared, electric, and connected mobility system saving 876 million metric tonnes of oil equivalent, worth $330 billion (Rs 20 lakh crore), and 1 giga-tonne of carbon-dioxide emissions by 2030. 
 
However, as per the present assessment certain areas pose as barriers for adopting EV vehicles in India at a large scale. The main challenges for EV adoption are the price differential between EVs and ICE vehicles, the range it can travel to with a single charge (about 100 km range even on full charge), availability of sufficient charging points and overall consumer awareness towards the benefits of using EVs. The absence of an EV supply chain in the country demands an urgent investment in R&D and local manufacturing capabilities, accessing raw material for batteries and the powertrains and availability of skilled resources 
 
Mobility ecosystem 
 
India can accelerate its EV adoption by addressing key challenges through a whole-system approach, for example by taking advantage of the synergies and linkages between mobility, urban planning and technology, especially through data, creating partnerships needed to succeed ( Public and Private Partnerships) and focussing on design and Make in India. India can be made the hub of manufacturing EVs and EV components including advanced chemistry batteries not just for domestic use but also exports. 
 
Great opportunity  
 
Existing capabilities—including India’s dynamic public- and private-sector leadership, entrepreneurial culture, ability to build infrastructure right the first time, and a unique confluence of IT and manufacturing skills—could enable it to lead the world in advanced mobility solutions. India’s current mobility system reflects many of the underlying properties of the emerging mobility paradigm. The conventional mobility model may be by passed and a shared, electric, and connected mobility future may be achieved by capitalizing on these existing conditions and building on foundational government programmes and policies. 
 
Recent policy announcements, such as FAME-II to create the demand side incentives, private-sector activity, reduction in GST for electric vehicles, tax deduction on loans to purchase EV, reduction in custom duty on lithium-ion cells, proposals to develop 1000 EV charging infrastructure in million-plus cities, global interest in setting up battery manufacturing in India, the recent launch of high speed two wheelers, adoption of EVs by fleet operators for taxis and autos etc. clearly indicate a positive signal for electric mobility in India. 
 
There are immense opportunities in the manufacturing of electric vehicles, components, batteries, EV chargers, charging infrastructure. Battery recycling could be used to overcome the lack of relevant materials resource in India. India can become self-reliant in battery materials through urban mining. The Indian EV industry is evincing interest in battery swapping because of the speed factor. With a maximum refuelling time of five minutes, this technology can make charging of EVs a quick affair. Industry and the Government should make selective investments in cell manufacturing, because, as new battery chemistries mature, this will keep local battery manufacturers innovative and competitive even globally.
 
EVs complement renewable energy, hence there are opportunities in renewable energy sector. EVs are very useful in grid balancing. Further, the Government boosting to build charging stations connected with grid-connected solar power plant. Government's continued emphasis on FAME-II initiative and strengthening of EV infrastructure will definitely encourage manufacturers to further invest in the ecosystem thereby lowering both crude oil imports and air pollution leading to a cleaner and greener future. A transformed mobility future will require participation and collaboration across diverse stakeholder groups. 
 

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